PEF is based on Life Cycle Assessment methodology, defined by the European Commission’s Joint Research Center. Its purpose is to provide a standard for entities within the EU to measure environmental performance. Every product category can be defined by a distinctive set of rules that are to be applied.
PEF-DST monitors the footprint as a multi-factor measure of the impact of dairy farms or transportation on the environment. It is calculated using a set of factors that impact the milk production and transport ecosystem. Monitoring PEF in PEF-DST allows us to identify trade-offs and make better strategic decisions.
The EU commission has provided Product Environmental Footprint Category Rules (PEFCRs) as specific guidance for PEF studies, at the level of a specific product category, for calculating and reporting products’ life cycle environmental impacts . PEFCRs shift the focus of the PEF study towards these aspects and parameters that matter the most and hence contribute to increased relevance, reproducibility, and consistency of the results by reducing costs.